Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOD), also known as Polycystic Ovarian Disease or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOD), among many others, affects between 4-12% women of reproductive age, with only 50% of these women being diagnosed. A common disorder caused by hormonal imbalance, the disorder can progress rapidly when not treated, causing major issues such as infertility, diabetes and more. When treated, various medications and lifestyle changes help keep PCOD problem in check, allowing for normal daily function, with minimal to negligent impact on quality of life.
What is PCOD?
PCOD is an imbalance of fertility hormones in the body, surfacing when a woman reaches her reproductive age. The ovaries are the reproductive organs responsible for producing estrogen and progesterone, which regulate the menstrual cycle. Additionally, a small amount of male hormones called androgens are also produced by the ovaries. During PCOD problem, small cysts or fluid-filled sacs containing an immature egg grow inside the ovaries. As these eggs never mature, ovulation is delayed or non-existent, causing an imbalance of the three hormones, where a larger amount of androgens and lower amounts of progesterone and estrogen are secreted. This disrupts the menstrual cycle and affects fertility, additionally causing a variety of symptoms and issues in women.
What are the causes of PCOD?
While the exact PCOD causes are yet to be determined, there are a few factors linked to PCOD.
- Insulin resistance
Some studies have shown that PCOD runs down generations, with multiple genes contributing to the condition.
What are the symptoms of PCOD?
Some PCOD symptoms are clear markers for the disorder, whereas some seem like a result of normal lifestyle changes.
- Irregular periods
- Excess hair on the face and body
- Heavy bleeding during periods
- Excessive weight gain
- Acne and breakouts
- Constant headaches
- Thinning of hair
- Dark patches on the skin
- Sleep apnea
How is PCOD diagnosed?
The first warning sign for PCOD is multiple symptoms showing up together. The doctor asks you questions and takes routine tests to check for abnormalities. A pelvic exam, where the doctor checks for growths in the vagina or uterus may also be conducted. You will also be asked to undergo blood tests to check the level of hormones in the body, as well as cholesterol and diabetes checkups. An ultrasound can also help find any follicles in your ovaries.
What are the treatments for PCOD?
Two of the major conditions that PCOD leads to are infertility and type 2 diabetes, with infertility being the most common. As PCOD causes irregular menstrual cycles, getting pregnant becomes increasingly tough. Uncontrolled PCOD can also lead to premature births and pregnancy complications. However, there are various treatments such as IVF (in-vitro fertilization), etc. that help women with PCOD pregnancy. Lifestyle changes also create a huge impact in controlling weight and insulin in the body. Depending on your reason for seeking treatment and the severity of the condition, our experts evaluate your condition and recommend the necessary PCOD problem treatment in NIBM Pune.
Why choose Heal and Care Clinic for PCOD Treatment in Pune?
At Heal and Care Clinic, the best gynecologist in NIBM Pune, Dr. Manisha Patil, efficiently diagnoses and treats each patient with a personalized treatment plan for PCOD pregnancy. This allows for treatment of PCOD with the highest standard of excellence, using top-notch equipment and technology to achieve success for maximum patients. We deliver personalized care, tailored to each patient’s condition, allowing for the highest level of patient comfort and care at every step of the way.